Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13

Thirteenth Conversation – Bhagavad Gita Chapter 13

Gita Chapter 14
Battlefield and Get to Know It – Playing Well | Gita Chapter 13

Gita Chapter 13: Ksetra Ksetradnya Yoga, Nature, The Joyful Personality and Consciousness, describes the essence of the Supreme Godhead in relation to purusa and prakrti, the one who understands the difference between the body, with the spirit and the Great Soul that transcends the body and the spirit, will achieve liberation from the material world.

Chapter 13: verse: 1 – 4

13:1

arjuna uvāca prakṛtiṁ puruṣaṁ caiva kṣetraṁ kṣetra-jñam eva ca

etad veditum icchāmi jñānaṁ jñeyaṁ ca keśava

Arjuna asked:

“O Kṛṣṇa, I want to know please explain To me, what exactly is Prakṛti? What is Puruṣa? What is Kṣetra, and what is Kṣetrajña? What is True Knowledge, and who is have it?”

13:1-4

śrī-bhagavān uvāca idaṁ śarīraṁ kaunteya kṣetram ity abhidhīyate

etad yo vetti taṁ prāhuḥ kṣetra-jña iti tad-vidaḥ

kṣetra-jñaṁ cāpi māṁ viddhi sarva-kṣetreṣu bhāratakṣetra-kṣetrajñayor
jñānaṁ yat taj jñānaṁ mataṁ mama

tat kṣetraṁ yac ca yādṛk ca yad-vikāri yataś ca yatsa
ca yo yat-prabhāvaś ca tat samāsena me śṛṇu

ṛṣibhir bahudhā gītaṁ chandobhir vividhaiḥ pṛthakbrahma-sūtra-padaiś
caiva hetumadbhir viniścitaiḥ

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) said:

“O Arjuna, this śarīra or raga is called kṣetra (field of action) and he who understands it is called kṣetrajña; According to the wise who understand the truth about the two.”

“O Arjuna, that I am kṣetrajña every kṣetra; I know about every battlefield; Know both things this is True Knowledge, so my opinion.”

“Now, hear briefly about kṣetra, what diversity looks like, and what it is. cause it; it is also about theṣetrajña and his glory.”

“The truth about kṣetra and kṣetrajña has been explained by the wise men with various ways; It has also been broken down in the holy verses (Vedas) and other writings on the godhead (Brahma Sūtra).”

Chapter 13: verse: 5 – 11

13:5-6

mahā-bhūtāny ahaṁkāro buddhir avyaktam eva caindriyāṇi
daśaikaṁ ca pañca cendriya-gocarāḥ

icchā dveṣaḥ sukhaṁ duḥkhaṁ saṁghātaś cetanā dhṛtiḥetat
kṣetraṁ samāsena sa-vikāram udāhṛtam

“The five elements (Water, Fire, Earth, Wind, and Ether) or The Substance of Space); Ego or ‘I’ Consciousness, ‘me’- Intellect; and Other materials that still do not manifest (among others: obsessions, hopes, dreams and so on); ten senses of activity and perception (Eyes, Nose, Mouth, Ears, and Skin; Vision, Smell, Taste, Hearing, and Disputes); Clusters of Thoughts and Feelings (Mind);”

“Even Desire, Hatred, Joy, Sorrow; Relationships and Associations, Basic Consciousness, Firmness; All that, with everything. its diversity, called kṣetra.”

13:7-11

amānitvam adambhitvam ahiṁsā kṣāntir ārjavamācāryopāsanaṁ
śaucaṁ sthairyam ātma-vinigrahaḥ

indriyārtheṣu vairāgyam anahaṁkāra eva cajanma-mṛtyu-jarā-vyādhi-duḥkha-doṣānudarśanam

asaktir anabhiṣvaṅgaḥ putra-dāra-gṛhādiṣunityaṁ
ca sama-cittatvam iṣṭāniṣṭopapattiṣu

mayi cānanya-yogena bhaktir avyabhicāriṇīvivikta-deśa-sevitvam
aratir jana-saṁsadi

adhyātma-jñāna-nityatvaṁ tattva-jñānārtha-darśanametaj
jñānam iti proktam ajñānaṁ yad ato’nyathā

“Not arrogant, not hypocritical, without violence; patience, virtue; service to the teacher; purity or cleanliness inside and out; determination and self-control;”

“Not tempted by sensory triggers; without ego, and contemplation on the sufferings of birth, death, old age, and disease;”

“Without attachment and not dependent on children, companions, residences and so on; Balance yourself in a state fun or unpleasant;”

“Devotion to Me, without a doubt, and in awareness of the permanence of Yoga; happy to travel to quiet and holy places; enjoy friendship with those who are worldly;”

“Always conscious of the Soul, and realize The Essential Truth as the sole purpose of all knowledge, all this it is called True Knowledge, everything other than this is stupidity.”

Chapter 13: verse: 12 – 15

13:12

jñeyaṁ yat tat pravakṣyāmi yaj jñātvāmṛtam aśnuteanādi
mat-paraṁ brahma na sat tan nāsad ucyate

“Now I will explain what is appropriate Known, knowledge that can produce eternal life (happiness the highest true; (Knowledge of) Brahman Hyang Is High, Un-Starting, Not Sat (Tangible/ Real), Nor Asat (Intangible / Unreal).”

13:13

sarvataḥ pāṇi-pādaṁ tat sarvato’kṣi-śiro-mukhamsarvataḥ
śrutimal loke sarvam āvṛtya tiṣṭhati

“His hands and feet are everywhere; eye His head, and his mouth, his face everywhere. So is His ears; It really covers the universe.”

13:14-15

sarvendriya-guṇābhāsaṁ sarvendriya-vivarjitamasaktaṁ
sarva-bhṛc caiva nirguṇaṁ guṇa-bhoktṛ ca

bahir antaś ca bhūtānām acaraṁ caram eva casūkṣmatvāt
tad avijñeyaṁ dūra-sthaṁ cāntike ca tat

“As if possessing the properties of the senses, Indeed He is free from all nature; Not bound to anything, but still He lives all; free from all guṇa or nature, still He enjoys every guṇa, every nature;”

“It is outside and inside every creatures; in moving forms, as well as immobile; It’s Maha Smooth, so unattainable, He is very close, as well as very far away.”

Chapter 13: sloka: 16 – 20

13:16

avibhaktaṁ ca bhūteṣu vibhaktam iva ca sthitambhūta-bhartṛ
ca taj jñeyaṁ clemencyṣṇu prabhaviṣṇu ca

“Although Single and Undivided there is Him, He appears to be divided into living beings and unfazed beings moving; He is the only one who deserves to know, Hyang always Nurturing, Destroying, and Recycling, Reinventing.”

13:17

jyotiṣām api taj jyotis tamasaḥ param ucyatejñānaṁ
jñeyaṁ jñāna-gamyaṁ hṛdi sarvasya viṣṭhitam

“Light above all light; It goes beyond illusory darkness; True Knowledge, Hyang Worth Knowing, and Hyang Achieved through Knowledge; Indeed, he dwells in every creature.”

13:18

iti kṣetraṁ tathā jñānaṁ jñeyaṁ coktaṁ samāsataḥmad-bhakta
etad vijñāya mad-bhāvāyopapadyate

“Such is the explanation of kṣetra or battlefield, true knowledge, and what is appropriate. Known. Those who understand this, will undoubtedly merge with Me.”

13:19

prakṛtiṁ puruṣaṁ caiva viddhy anādī ubhāv apivikārāṁś
ca guṇāṁś caiva viddhi prakṛti-saṁbhavān

“Also know that Prakṛti (Nature of Things) and Puruṣa (Cluster Individual Souls collectively) are both without beginning. All opposite experiences such as likes and dislikes and so on, and so on, and natural objects with three main properties are born of Things, Prakṛti.”

13:20

kārya-kāraṇa-kartṛtve hetuḥ prakṛtir ucyatepuruṣaḥ
sukha-duḥkhānāṁ bhoktṛtve hetur ucyate

“The Nature of The Land or Prakṛti is called the cause. body, senses, and so on; and the Soul Cluster or Puruṣa is the cause from all kinds of experiences of joy and sorrow.”

Chapter 13: verse: 20 – 25

13:21

puruṣaḥ prakṛti-stho hi bhuṅkte prakṛti-jān guṇānkāraṇaṁ
guṇa-saṅgo’sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu

Puruṣa or Cluster The soul interacting with Prakṛti and all its properties The reality is, experiencing various experiences as a result of interaction. Interaction this is also what then becomes the cause of the birth of the Soul through a good womb or is not good.”

13:22

upadraṣṭānumantā ca bhartā bhoktā maheśvaraḥparamātmeti
cāpy ukto dehe’smin puruṣaḥ paraḥ

“Surely the soul that resides in the body is (equal to its source) Maheśvara, Hyang the Great; hence, He is called a witness, guide, supporter, who experiences all experiences, He is also Paramātmā, The Great Soul, the Puruṣa High”

13:23

ya evaṁ vetti puruṣaṁ prakṛtiṁ ca guṇaiḥ sahasarvathā
vartamāno’pi na sa bhūyo’bhijāyate

“He who understands Puruṣa, The Cluster of Souls, and Prakṛti, the Realm of The Land together with his qualities, it will not be born again, although it is still seen in the completion of the task.”

13:24

dhyānenātmani paśyanti kecid ātmānam ātmanā
anye sāṁkhyena yogena karma-yogena cāpare

“Some people attain Soul Consciousness through Dhyāna or Meditation and see Him within; some more attained Him through Sāṁkhya, by analyzing self; some have obtained Him through selfless work or Karma Yoga.”

13:25

anye tv evam ajānantaḥ śrutvānyebhya upāsatete’pi
cātitaranty eva mṛtyuṁ śruti-parāyaṇāḥ

“Those who are not intelligent (do not have an understanding of the identity and how to find it, as it has been explained); worshiping the Great Soul based on the description he heard from the people other. Nevertheless, they also go beyond death.”

Chapter 13: verse: 26 – 30

13:26

yāvat sañjāyate kiñcit sattvaṁ sthāvara-jaṅgamamkṣetra-kṣetrajña-saṁyogāt
tad viddhi bharatarṣabha

“O Arjuna, all creatures are moving. nor the immobile, born of the encounter between kṣetra – the realm of matter, matter; and kṣetrajña – the Soul, the Spirit, the Spirit.”

13:27

samaṁ sarveṣu bhūteṣu tiṣṭhantaṁ parameśvaramvinaśyatsv
avinaśyantaṁ yaḥ paśyati sa paśyati

“He who sees Hyang Almighty and No Ever Extinct, behind everything that went to extinction, both alive and moving, or (appearing) not alive and not moving, in fact We know the truth as it is.”

13:28

samaṁ paśyan hi sarvatra samavasthitam īśvaramna
hinasty ātmanātmānaṁ tato yāti parāṁ gatim

“Thus, by seeing Him in every creature and every being (both moving and giving the impression does not move), he will not hurt others, and attain consciousness the highest.”

13:29

prakṛtyaiva ca karmāṇi kriyamāṇāni sarvaśaḥyaḥ
paśyati tathātmānam akartāraṁ sa paśyati

“He who sees every action anywhere. is caused by nature or Prakṛti; while the Soul Indeed, it does nothing – it is the one who has seen the truth.”

13:30

yadā bhūta-pṛthag-bhāvam eka-stham anupaśyatitata
eva ca vistāraṁ brahma sampadyate tadā

“When one realizes the Great Soul as the Sole Foundation for the existence of diverse beings, then at that time He also reached Him.”

Chapter 13: verse: 31 – 34

13:31

anāditvān nirguṇatvāt paramātmāyam avyayaḥśarīra-stho’pi
kaunteya na karoti na lipyate

“O Arjuna, The Great Soul of Hyang Tak It is Not Beginning and Without Nature. Despite staying inside the body, as earnestly as it does not act, it is not polluted either.”

13:32

yathā sarva-gataṁ saukṣmyād ākāśaṁ nopalipyatesarvatrāvasthito
dehe tathātmā nopalipyate

“As ether (the substance of space) covering everything is never polluted because of its subtlety, similarly, even though the Soul resides. in the body, He is not affected by the nature of the body (because of His nature). which transcends all nature, Is Not.)

13:33

yathā prakāśayaty ekaḥ kṛtsnaṁ lokam imaṁ raviḥkṣetraṁ
kṣetrī tathā kṛtsnaṁ prakāśayati bhārata

“O Arjuna, as the one sun and the singular existence illuminates the whole earth; similarly the Single Soul illuminates the whole terrain, this whole kṣetra.”

13:34

kṣetra-kṣetrajñayor evam antaraṁ jñāna-cakṣuṣābhūta-prakṛti-mokṣaṁ
ca ye vidur yānti te Param

“Thus, those who wisely understand the difference betweenkṣetra and kṣetrajña, the field of action and who knows it, master it; and (understand also) the phenomenon of liberation fromPrakṛti (material realm) with all the traits and diversity that developed from it, reaching a State of Supreme (experiencing death with the Great Soul).”

Thus ended the Thirteenth Conversation | Gita Chapter 13.

Source: https://bhagavadgita.or.id/