Bhagavad Gita Chapter 16

Gita Chapter 3

Sixteenth Conversation – Bhagavad Gita chapter 16

Noble and Not-Noble – Finding a Barrier-Free Life Path | Gita Chapter 16

Gita Chapter 16: Daiwa sura Sampad Wibhaga Yoga, discusses the nature of human behavior, spiritual nature and evil nature. A person who has evil qualities and lives as he pleases, without following the rules of Scripture, is born in a lower state and further bound materially, but one who possesses sacred qualities and lives regularly by obeying the power of Scripture, gradually attains spiritual perfection.

Chapter 16: Chapter: 1 – 5

16:1

śrī-bhagavān uvāca abhayaṁ sattva-saṁśuddhir jñāna-yoga-vyavasthitiḥ

dānaṁ damaś ca yajñaś ca svādhyāyas tapa ārjavam

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) said:

“Never be afraid, clear-minded, always in a meditative or eling state to attain True Knowledge and True Consciousness; always ready to share, his senses are under control, manembah Hyang resides in every creature; studying the scriptures, being aware of yourself, always trying to establish virtue;”

16:2

ahiṁsā satyam akrodhas tyāgaḥ śāntir apaiśunamdayā
bhūteṣv aloluptvaṁ mārdavaṁ hrīr acāpalam

Ahiṁsā or not hurt through thoughts, pronunciations or deeds; honesty, free from anger, without a sense of belonging or ego, peace of mind, free from gossip, compassion for all beings; free from desire and attachment, gentle or polite, unpretentious, unspoiled by lust, and firm in self-determination and control;”

16:3

tejaḥ kṣamā dhṛtiḥ śaucam adroho nāti-mānitābhavanti
sampadaṁ daivīm abhijātasya bhārata

“Deft (full of energy, full of passion), steadfast and forgiving, firm in his beliefs, clean body and mind; not hostile to anyone; and without pride – thus, Arjuna, all these are their outward tendencies, born with the innate nature or basic character of Daivī, Divine, Noble.”

16:4

dambho darpo’bhimānaś ca krodhaḥ pāruṣyam eva
caajñānaṁ cābhijātasya pārtha sampadam āsurīm

“O Arjuna, hypocrisy, pride, arrogance, anger, hardness of heart, rudeness, and ignorance; all are characteristics of those born with the innate nature of āsurī, shaytani, and insoluble.”

16:5

daivī sampad vimokṣāya nibandhāyāsurī matāmā
śucaḥ sampadaṁ daivīm abhijāto’si pāṇḍava

“Arjuna, the basic nature of Daivī or Divine supports mokṣa (absolute freedom from saṁsāra, cycle of birth and death); meanwhile, the nature of āsurī or syaitani causes attachment (to the world of painful things). But, don’t worry, for you were born with the Innate Nature of Daivī, Divine.”

Gita Chapter 16: verse: 6 – 10

16:6

dvau bhūta-sargau loke’smin daiva āsura eva cadaivo
vistaraśaḥ prokta āsuraṁ pārtha me śṛṇu

“There are really only two kinds of creatures in this world; those who are of a noble basis, Daivī or Divine, and who are not noble, āsurī or syaitani. About those who are of a noble basis, Daivī or Divine I have explained in detail; now hear of those who are not noble, āsurī or shaytani, O Arjuna.”

16:7

pravṛttiṁ ca nivṛttiṁ ca janā na vidur āsurāḥna
śaucaṁ nāpi cācāro na satyaṁ teṣu vidyate

“Those who are not noble, āsurī or shayaitani, cannot sort between noble and proper actions with those that are not noble and inappropriate. They don’t know when to act, and when not to act. No chastity, glory; good behavior, and honesty within them.”

16:8

asatyam apratiṣṭhaṁ te jagad āhur anīśvaramaparaspara-sambhūtaṁ
kim anyat kāma-haitukam

“Those who are āsurī or shayaitani, consider this world without the Foundation of the Essence of Glory; and, that all things are created by encounters between men and women only; so that this universe is ‘as if’ based on lust alone.”

16:9

etāṁ dṛṣṭim avaṣṭabhya naṣṭātmāno’lpa-buddhayaḥprabhavanty
ugra-karmāṇaḥ kṣayāya jagato’hitāḥ

“Insisting on such erroneous views, a foolish man is aāsurī or syaitani to be an enemy of his fellow beings because of his deeds, and bring disaster to the world.”

16:10

kāmam āśritya duṣpūraṁ dambha-māna-madānvitāḥmohād
gṛhītvāsad-grāhān pravartante’śuci-vratāḥ

“Trapped by self-desires that are never fulfilled (so that they are always dissatisfied); Adhering to false doctrines because of their foolishness, those who are syaitani are behaving in a noble manner, full of hypocrisy, arrogance, and arrogance.”

Gita Chapter 16: verse: 11 – 14

16:11

cintām aparimeyāṁ ca pralayāntām upāśritāḥkāmopabhoga-paramā
etāvad iti niścitāḥ

“Preoccupied themselves with various affairs that all end in death, they are only concerned with the enjoyment of the senses; regards all sensory pleasures as true and supreme happiness; and there is nothing higher.”

16:12

āśā-pāśa-śatair baddhāḥ kāma-krodha-parāyaṇāḥīhante
kāma-bhogārtham anyāyenārtha-sañcayān

“Sobbed by all kinds of hopes; and, carried away by lust and anger, they spent their whole lives hoarding possessions by justifying all means for the enjoyment of the senses.”

16:13

idam adya mayā labdham imaṁ prāpsye manorathamidam
astīdam api me bhaviṣyati punar dhanam

“They always try: ‘Today I have succeeded, tomorrow more successfully. Today so many of my treasures, tomorrow increase again.'”

16:14

asau mayā hataḥ śatrur haniṣye cāparān apiīśvaro’ham
ahaṁ bhogī siddho’haṁ balavān sukhī

“‘One opponent I have conquered, the other I will conquer. I mastered everything. I have the highest power. Everything is available for viewing. I have all the power. I’m powerful, I succeeded, I’m happy.'”

Gita Chapter 16: verse: 15 – 20

16:15-16

āḍhyo’bhijanavān asmi ko’nyo’sti sadṛśo mayāyakṣye
dāsyāmi modiṣya ity ajñāna-vimohitāḥ

aneka-citta-vibhrāntā moha-jāla-samāvṛtāḥprasaktāḥ
kāma-bhogeṣu patanti narake’śucau

“‘I’m rich, I come from a big family. Who can match me? I pray and donate. I’m always happy.'”

“Blinded by self-devolution; carried away by delusions; imbued by sensory pleasure; their thoughts and feelings are unstable, foggy; thus those who are shayaitani finally fall into the most disgusting naraka.”

16:17

ātma-sambhāvitāḥ stabdhā dhana-māna-madānvitāḥyajante
nāma-yajñais te dambhenāvidhi-pūrvakam

“Preoccupied by wealth, they always consider themselves righteous; stubborn and hypocritical, the rites of belief they do, for the sake of self-interest and fame alone, without heeding the glory (intention) and values of chastity.”

16:18

ahaṁkāraṁ balaṁ darpaṁ kāmaṁ krodhaṁ ca saṁśritāḥmām
ātma-para-deheṣu pradviṣanto’bhyasūyakāḥ

“Controlled by hubris, violence, pride, lust, anger and so on, they are actually harassing me who resides in themselves and everyone else.”

16:19

tān ahaṁ dviṣataḥ krūrān saṁsāreṣu narādhamānkṣipāmy
ajasram aśubhān āsurīṣv eva yoniṣu

“Those who hate; in contrast to unjust deeds; cruel, and having denigrated him as a human being, was born again and again in this world through unjust wombs.”

16:20

āsurīṁ yonim āpannā mūḍhā janmani janmanimām
aprāpyaiva kaunteya tato yānty adhamāṁ gatim

“O Arjuna, failing to attain Me (attaining Self-Perfection or true Soul Consciousness), those who are foolish are born repeatedly through the womb of āsurī or shayaitani; and each time there is an even worse decline in consciousness.”

Gita Chapter 16: verse: 21 – 24

16:21

tri-vidhaṁ narakasyedaṁ dvāraṁ nāśanam ātmanaḥkāmaḥ
krodhas tathā lobhas tasmād etat trayaṁ tyajet

“Desire, anger, and greed – these are the three doors of hell, which lead to the fall of the Soul. Therefore, avoid all three.”

16:22

etair vimuktaḥ kaunteya tamo-dvārais tribhir naraḥācaraty
ātmanaḥ śreyas tato yāti parāṁ gatim

“O Arjuna, delivered from these three gates of hell, a man who seeks to attain salvation, undoubtedly attains it; even reached Soul Consciousness, which is the Supreme State.”

16:23

yaḥ śāstra-vidhim utsṛjya vartate kāma-kārataḥna
sa siddhim avāpnoti na sukhaṁ na parāṁ gatim

“(In the meantime,) ignoring the guidelines in literature, a person who acts on his will of lust, never attains self-perfection, never achieves his goals, and never achieves true happiness.”

16:24

tasmāc chāstraṁ pramāṇaṁ te kāryākārya-vyavasthitaujñātvā
śāstra-vidhānoktaṁ karma kartum ihārhasi

“Therefore, use the advice of literature as a guideline for your actions; What you should do, and what you should avoid. Thus, with the literary guide, work in this world.”

Thus ended the Sixteenth Conversation – Gita Chapter 16

Source: bhagawadgita.or.id