Bhagavad Gita Chapter 17

Gita Chapter 3

The Seventeenth Conversation – Bhagawad | Gita chapter 17

Diverse Beliefs: Beyond Doubt and Anxiety | Gita Chapter 17

Gita Chapter 17: Sraddha Traya Wibhaga Yoga, elaborates on the belief groups. There are three types of beliefs, each of which develops from one of the three natures. Acts performed by people whose beliefs are lustful and foolish only produce material results of a temporary nature, while deeds performed in the nature of goodness, according to Scripture, purify the heart and bring one to the level of pure faith and devotion to the Great Soul.

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 1 – 5

17:1

arjuna uvāca ye śāstra-vidhim utsṛjya yajante śraddhayānvitāḥ

teṣāṁ niṣṭhā tu kā kṛṣṇa sattvam āho rajas tamaḥ

Arjuna asked:

“O Kṛṣṇa, what about those who worship with confidence, however, do not follow the instructions of literature. Whether they are Sattva, Rajas, or Tamas?”

17:2

śrī-bhagavān uvāca tri-vidhā bhavati śraddhā dehināṁ sā svabhāva-jā

sāttvikī rājasī caiva tāmasī ceti tāṁ śṛṇu

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) replied:

“Based on the nature and existence of a person (his relationship to the world of things), human beliefs can be shared in three groups, Sāttvikī, Rājasī, and Tāmasī. Hear his explanation from Me;”

17:3

sattvānurūpā sarvasya śraddhā bhavati bhārata
śraddhā-mayo’yaṁ puruṣo yo yac-chraddhaḥ sa eva saḥ

“Arjuna, everyone’s trust is in harmony with its basic nature. In fact, beliefs shape personality. human. It is in accordance with what he believes.”

17:4

yajante sāttvikā devān yakṣa-rakṣāṁsi rājasāḥ
pretān bhūta-gaṇāṁś cānye yajante tāmasā janāḥ

“Those with Sattva devotion worship the gods (respecting the forces of nature); those who are Rajas worship the yakṣadan giants (consider the material and enjoyment of the senses of all); those who have the nature of Tamas worship spirits, even spirits who are wandering (just blind believers, even in teachings that are irrelevant, and reluctant to do something, which is still relevant).”

17:5

aśāstra-vihitaṁ ghoraṁ tapyante ye tapo janāḥdambhāhaṅkāra-saṁyuktāḥ
kāma-rāga-balānvitāḥ

“Those who undergo tapa-brata extremes that are not in accordance with the recommendations of literature; Those who are full with hypocrisy and arrogance; Obsessing over worldly desires and full of lust;”

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 6 – 10

17:6

karṣayantaḥ śarīra-sthaṁ bhūta-grāmam acetasaḥmāṁ
caivāntaḥśarīra-sthaṁ tān viddhy āsura-niścayān

“By suppressing something of a natural, where the real body is made of natural elements, those who are foolish hurt their own bodies, and also hurt Me who resides within him. They are āsurī – syaitani.”

17:7

āhāras tv api sarvasya tri-vidho bhavati priyaḥyajñas
tapas tathā dānaṁ teṣāṁ bhedam imaṁ śṛṇu

“The food that is liked is also based on the nature of Each of the three groups of people. So with the offering, tapa-brata and charitable (all of which can be divided into three groups). Hear now, the difference between them.”

17:8

āyuḥ-sattva-balārogya-sukha-prīti-vivardhanāḥrasyāḥ
snigdhāḥ sthirā hṛdyā āhārāḥ sāttvika-priyāḥ

“Food that supports life, glory, Strength, health, happiness, and satisfaction are those that contain a lot of juice or liquid and fatty soft (good), easy filling (contains a lot of fiber), delicious, delicious taste, and does not burden digestion, very liked by those who are Sāttvika.”

17:9

kaṭv-amla-lavaṇāty-uṣṇa-tīkṣṇa-rūkṣa-vidāhinaḥāhārā
rājasasyeṣṭā duḥkha-śokāmaya-pradāḥ

“Foods that are (too) bitter, sour, salty, spicy, spicy, densely spiced, dry and burning the body; causing distress, sadness, and sickness; it is the favor of those who are Rājasī.”

17:10

yātay-āmaṁ gata-rasaṁ pūti paryuṣitaṁ ca yatucchiṣṭam
api cāmedhyaṁ bhojanaṁ tāmasa-priyam

“Unhygienic cooked food, still (or, half) raw, or stale; tasteless, polluted, and unclean is their favorite of the Tāmasī.”

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 11 – 15

17:11

aphalākāṅkṣibhir yajño vidhidṛṣṭo ya ijyateyaṣṭavyam
eveti manaḥ samādhāya sa sāttvikaḥ

“The offering was made with the intention that noble, that is, without expecting anything in return, but simply because it is believed to be Good and good works to do, are Sāttvika in nature.”

17:12

abhisandhāya tu phalaṁ dambhārtham api caiva yatijyate
bharata-śreṣṭha taṁ yajñaṁ viddhi rājasam

“O Arjuna, the offering made to exhibit, or for a reward, is Rājasī.”

17:13

vidhi-hīnam asṛṣṭānnaṁ mantra-hīnam adakṣiṇamśraddhā-virahitaṁ
yajñaṁ tāmasaṁ paricakṣate

“Performances that are not in accordance with the recommendations susastra; without (sharing) food, not accompanied by prayers or mantras, without giving something to the one who facilitates it, without the sanctity of the heart and belief – is Tāmasī.”

17:14

deva-dvija-guru-prājña-pūjanaṁ śaucam ārjavambrahmacaryam
ahiṁsā ca śārīraṁ tapa ucyate

“Worshiping the gods (honoring and preserving nature that supports life); Respecting the wise (who always strive to live in Soul Consciousness), guiding teachers spiritual, those who are older, and saints who have escaped from attachment worldly; always maintaining self-purity; honesty, glory; self-control and the development of creativity (brahmacarya); Not hurting, injuring and doing other violence – all of it is ‘Tapa-Brata Ragawi’, badaniah.”

17:15

anudvega-karaṁ vākyaṁ satyaṁ priya-hitaṁ ca yatsvādhyāyābhyasanaṁ
caiva vāṅ-mayaṁ tapa ucyate

“Saying useful words, right, reliable; not hurting, polite, gentle; and, always doing introspection (before speaking), this is ‘Tapa-Brata Speech’.”

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 16 – 20

17:16

manaḥ-prasādaḥ saumyatvaṁ maunam ātma-vinigrahaḥbhāva-saṁśuddhir
ity etat tapo mānasam ucyate

“Calm-minded, polite, cheerful, no engage in useless talk; self-control, and chastity heart – all this is called ‘Tapa-Brata with Mind’.”

17:17

śraddhayā parayā taptaṁ tapas tat tri-vidhaṁ naraiḥaphalākāṅkṣibhir
yuktaiḥ sāttvikaṁ paricakṣate

“Those who undergo the tapa-brata trinity it is with full confidence, and without expecting material rewards, is it is called Sāttvika.”

17:18

satkāra-māna-pūjārthaṁ tapo dambhena caiva yatkriyate
tad iha proktaṁ rājasaṁ calam adhruvam

“Tapa-brata done to show off, to show off, to gain recognition and praise, or for other purposes or expectations certainly, it is Rājasī, full of lust, unstable and the result is not lasting.”

17:19

mūḍha-grāheṇātmano yat pīḍayā kriyate tapaḥparasyotsādanārthaṁ
vā tat tāmasam udāhṛtam

“Tapa-brata done with the aim stupid, by self-harm; Or, to hurt another creature is Tāmasī.”

17:20

dātavyam iti yad dānaṁ dīyate’nupakāriṇedeśe
kāle ca pātre ca tad dānaṁ sāttvikaṁ smṛtam

“Donate sincerely, without expecting rewards; at the right time and place; and, to the right person – worthy to accept it – it is called Sāttvika.”

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 21 – 25

17:21

yat tu prattyupakārārthaṁ phalam uddiśya vā punaḥdīyate
ca parikliṣṭaṁ tad dānaṁ rājasaṁ smṛtam

“Giving gifts or donating inappropriately sincerely, with the aim of obtaining a reward; or, to get confession and so on, is Rājasī.”

17:22

adeśa-kāle yad dānam apātrebhyaś ca dīyate
asat-kṛtam avajñātaṁ tat tāmasam udāhṛtam

“Donate or give gifts without sincerity intention, with annoyance, out of place, inappropriate, and to a person who does not deserve it is called Tāmasī.”

17:23

oṁ tat sad iti nirdeśo brahmaṇas tri-vidhaḥ smṛtaḥbrāhmaṇās
tena vedāś ca yajñāś ca vihitāḥ purā

Oṁ Tat Sad, it is said, is referred to as the attribute of Brahman Hyang Maha Tinggi. With that saying ‘created’ Brāhmaṇa, creatures wise; Vedas, sacred knowledge; and all kinds of Yajña, holy offerings.”

17:24

tasmād oṁ ity udāhṛtya yajña-dāna-tapaḥ-kriyāḥpravartante
vidhānoktāḥ satataṁ brahma-vādinām

“Therefore, those who seek to attain Brahman, the Great Soul of Hyang the highest, always begin all spiritual practices – offering, benevolent, and to say hello according to Vedic exhortations – with the pronunciation of Oṁ.”

17:25

tad ity anabhisandhāya phalaṁ yajña-tapaḥ-kriyāḥdāna-kriyāś
ca vividhāḥ kriyante mokṣa-kāṅkṣibhiḥ

“With the understanding that all this is His, His possessions – Tad – the wise men make offerings, to donate, and to pray without expecting material rewards, and merely to absolute freedom (Mokṣa).”

Gita Chapter 17: verse: 26 – 28

17:26

sad-bhāve sādhu-bhāve ca sad ity etat prayujyate
praśaste karmaṇi tathā sac-chabdaḥ pārtha yujyate

“The term ‘Sad’ is an expression of His Truth and Virtue. This word, O Arjuna, used for noble and commendable deeds.”

17:27

yajñe tapasi dāne ca sthitiḥ sad iti cocyatekarma
caiva tad-arthīyaṁ sad ity evābhidhīyate

“Determination in terms of rest offering, donating, and praying are also called ‘Sad’; indeed, every deed is done to achieve Hyang Maha Benar, is Sad.”

17:28

aśraddhayā hutaṁ dattaṁ tapas taptaṁ kṛtaṁ ca yatasad
ity ucyate pārtha na ca tat pretya no iha

“All the offerings that are rested; benevolent, tapa-brata, any good deed – if done without faith the purpose of life which is Absolute Freedom or Mokṣa, for the sake of achievingĀnanda or True Happiness, is called asad – not true, not precise. It is useless while still alive, and after this life.”

Thus ended the Seventeenth Conversation – Gita Chapter 17.

Source: bhagawadgita.or.id