Bhagavad Gita Chapter 6

Gita Chapter 6

The Sixth Conversation – Bhagavad Gita chapter 6

Meditation Towards Conscious Life

Gita Chapter 6 – Dhyana Yoga, outlining astanga yoga, a type of outward meditation practice, controlling the mind and senses, focuses on the Paramatma (The First Soul, the form of God that resides in the heart). The highlight of this exercise is samadhi. samadhi means to be fully aware of the Almighty.

Chapter 6: verse: 1 – 5

6:1

śrī-bhagavān uvāca anāśritaḥ karma-phalaṁ kāryaṁ karma karoti yaḥ

sa saṁnyāsī ca yogī ca na niragnir na cākriyaḥ

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) said:

“He who works to fulfill his obligations without expecting results, selflessly – is Saṁnyāsī as well as YogīSaṁnyāsī is not a person who relinquishes all his obligations– including offerings; and Yogī is not someone who abandons all activities.”

6:2

yaṁ saṁnyāsam iti prāhur yogaṁ taṁ viddhi pāṇḍavana
hy asaṁnyasta-saṅkalpo yogī bhavati kaścana

“Know that the so-called Saṁnyās or releases are, the same as Ioga – the practice of attaining self-perfection. O Arjuna, Surely no one can be Yogī, without breaking away from worldly desires.”

6:3

ārurukṣor muner yogaṁ karma kāraṇam ucyateyogārūḍhasya
tasyaiva śamaḥ kāraṇam ucyate

“A person who is in conflict as a muni or ascetic, more silent – can achieve Perfection in Yoga by working selflessly. Similarly to Those who have studied Yoga, perfection or glory can be achieved through liberation. the self of worldly desires.”

6:4

yadā hi nendriyārtheṣu na karmasv anuṣajjatesarva-saṅkalpa-saṁnyāsī
yogārūḍhas tadocyate

“When one is no longer attached to triggers for the senses, inaction therefore, and have been free from all kinds of worldly desires, even of all thoughts of worldliness That’s when he is said to have attained perfection in Yoga.”

6:5

uddhared ātmanātmānaṁ nātmānam avasādayetātmaiva
hy ātmano bandhur ātmaiva ripur ātmanaḥ

“One should try to arouse, save themselves by his own efforts; and, no Let him be plunged by his own actions. Indeed, your ‘self’. is your own friend and opponent.”

Chapter 6: verse: 6 – 10

6:6

bandhur ātmātmanas tasya yenātmaivātmanā jitaḥ,anātmanas
tu śatrutve vartetātmaiva śatru-vat

“When consciousness is low (caused by because of identification with the body, senses, and clusters of thoughts and feelings) He has been conquered by the Soul, so he becomes a friend to himself. Conversely, if low consciousness is not conquered, then it becomes an enemy. for yourself.”

6:7

jitātmanaḥ praśāntasya paramātmā samāhitaḥśītoṣṇa-sukha-duḥkheṣu
tathā mānāpamānayoḥ

“Someone who has managed to control himself, attaining true knowledge of the Great Soul, Paramātmā or Brahman – always calm in the face of duality hot-cold; joys and sorrows; praises; and so on.”

6:8

jñāna-vijñāna-tṛptātmā kūṭastho vijitendriyaḥyukta
ity ucyate yogī sama-loṣṭāśma-kāñcanaḥ

“With the True Knowledge (jñāna) of the Self (Soul) and the knowledge of the nature of things (vijñāna) at his disposal, a Yogī is unshakeable by circumstances outside the self. With all his senses under control – for him, the land, the stone, and precious metals is the same. Thus, he attained self-perfection.”

6:9

suhṛn-mitrāry-udāsīnamadhyastha-dveṣya-bandhuṣusādhuṣv
api ca pāpeṣu sama-buddhir viśiṣyate

“Someone who looks at my friend and opponent; those who empathize with him, as well as those who are neutral (no partnering, nor hostile); family or not; the wise and the liars – he is the Chief Man who is buddhi, discernible.”

6:10

yogī yuñjīta satatam ātmānaṁ rahasi sthitaḥekākī
yata-cittātmā nirāśīr aparigrahaḥ

“Let a Yogī always focus his consciousness on his own ‘self’; mastering his thoughts and feelings; Free from all desires, not expecting anything; free from possession.”

Chapter 6: verse: 11 – 15

6:11

śucau deśe pratiṣṭhāpya sthiram āsanam ātmanaḥnāty-ucchritaṁ
nāti-nīcaṁ cailājina-kuśottaram

“Sitting upright in a holy place, using kuśa grass pads or reeds, deerskin, and cloth (stacked one above the others; reeds, deerskin, and cloth) – not very tall, and not too low.”

6:12

tatraikāgraṁ manaḥ kṛtvā yata-cittendriya-kriyaḥupaviśyāsane
yuñjyād yogam ātma-viśuddhaye

“Thus, sitting in that place, with focusing the whole consciousness at a point (= oneself); control groups of thoughts and feelings and all sensory activities, should one Strive for self-cleansing through Yoga.”

6:13

samaṁ kāya-śiro-grīvaṁ dhārayann acalaṁ sthiraḥsaṁprekṣya
nāsikāgraṁ svaṁ diśaś cānavalokayan

“Sit quietly without movement, with maintaining the body, head, and neck perpendicular, straight; with awareness completely centered on the upper end of the nose (in the middle of both eyebrows), without looking the other way.”

6:14

praśāntātmā vigata-bhīr brahmacāri-vrate sthitaḥmanaḥ
saṁyamya mac-citto yukta āsīta mat-paraḥ

“With a determined determination to defend self-purity orbrahmacārya and discarding far away fear; with a controlled mind and centered on Me, it should be a Yogī sits quietly, dissolve in My consciousness.”

6:15

yuñjann evaṁ sadātmānaṁ yogī niyata-mānasaḥśāntiṁ
nirvāṇa-paramāṁ mat-saṁsthām adhigacchati

“Thus, with the whole cluster of thoughts and his feelings centered on Me, a Yogī who has successfully controlled his mind, reaching true peace – the highest Nirvāṇa – sourced from Me too.”

Chapter 6: verse: 16 – 20

6:16

nāty-aśnatas’tu yogo’sti na caikāntam anaśnataḥna
cāti-svapna-śīlasya jāgrato naiva cārjuna

“Arjuna, Yoga is not for those who overeat, and neither for those who force themselves to fast; Not for them who sleeps too long; and, neither are they who force themselves to remain is in a state of guard.”

6:17

yuktāhāra-vihārasya yukta-ceṣṭasya karmasuyukta-svapnāvabodhasya
yogo bhavati duḥkha-hā

Yoga, which can end all suffering, is only achieved by a person who is organized in his life – his regular diet; regular work; and regular time of guard and rest.”

6:18

yadā viniyataṁ cittam ātmany evāvatiṣṭhateniḥspṛhaḥ
sarva-kāmebhyo yukta ity ucyate tadā

“When the group of thoughts and feelings (mind) has been controlled on the will of the self (disciplined), centered or directed entirely at myself, I am the True One, or the Soul – then a Yoga practitioner is free from all desires or low lusts.”

6:19

yathā dīpo nivāta-stho neṅgate sopamā smṛtāyogino
yata-cittasya yuñjato yogam ātmanaḥ

“Like a lamp placed on a a place without wind – not blinking; likewise with citta, the seed of thoughts and feelings or mind, a Yogī who is already under control thanks to meditation.”

6:20

yatroparamate cittaṁ niruddhaṁ yoga-sevayāyatra
caivātmanātmānaṁ paśyann ātmani tuṣyati

“In a state of ‘self’ or controlled mind as such, the Soul realizes itself as the Soul; Thus, he experienced happiness, infinite satisfaction.”

Next page Chapter 6: sloka: 21 – 47