Bhagavad Gita Chapter 4

Gita Chapter 4

Fourth conversation – Bhagavad Gita chapter 4

True Knowledge – Discovering the true identity

Gita Chapter 4 – Jnana Yoga, elaborates on: The attainment of yoga through spiritual knowledge of the Atman, God Almighty, and the relationship between Atman and God, sanctifying and liberating man. Such knowledge is the result of a selfless act of bhakti called karma yoga. Krishna explains the history of the Bhagavad-gita since antiquity, the purpose and meaning of Him at any time descending into the world, as well as the importance of approaching a spiritual teacher who has converted to him.

Chapter 4: sloka: 1 – 5

4:1

śrī-bhagavān uvāca imaṁ vivasvate yogaṁ proktavān aham avyayam,

vivasvān manave prāha manur ikṣvākave’bravīt

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) said:

“This Yoga has been revealed to Vivasvān, the Ruler Sun; Vivasvān conveyed to Manu, the ancestor of man on earth; and Manu taught it to (King) Ikṣvāku.”

4:2

evaṁ paramparā-prāptam imaṁ rājarṣayo viduḥ,sa
kāleneha mahatā yogo naṣṭaḥ parantapa

“Thus, delivered for generations, the Rājarṣi – the The Sovereign, as well as the Sages who assist in the statehood, Know and practice this Yoga (teachings).However, over a long time that has been passed away, this teaching has disappeared, disappeared, is unknown.”

4:3

sa evāyaṁ mayā te’dya yogaḥ proktaḥ purātanaḥ,bhakto’si
me sakhā ceti rahasyaṁ hy etad uttamam

“This ancient undisclosed Yoga is also what I have conveyed. to you today, for you are a friend of the spirit of wisdom.”

4:4

arjuna uvāca
aparaṁ bhavato janma paraṁ janma vivasvataḥ,katham
etad vijānīyāṁ tvam ādau proktavān iti

Arjuna asked:

“The birth of vivasvān you call is Long before your own birth. How can you teach to him, how can I understand this?”

4:5

śrī-bhagavān uvāca
bahūni me vyatītāni janmāni tava cārjuna,tāny
ahaṁ veda sarvāṇi na tvaṁ vettha parantapa

Śrī Bhagavān (Kṛṣṇa Hyang Maha Berkah) said:

“Arjuna, you and I have gone through a lot. lifetime. I remember everything – while you don’t remember it, Arjuna.”

Chapter 4: sloka: 6 – 10

4:6

ajo’pi sann avyayātmā bhūtānām īśvaro’pi san,
prakṛtiṁ svām adhiṣṭhāya saṁbhavāmy ātma-māyayā

“I am the Eternal Soul of Hyang, Īśvara, the Ruler Single creatures throughout nature.Surely I Am Not (necessary) To Be Born, but by My will and by my own Māyā power, the power that causes the Single Hyang appears A lot, I manifest!”

4:7

yadā yadā hi dharmasya glānir bhavati bhārata,
abhyutthānam adharmasya tadātmānaṁ sṛjāmy aham

“O Arjuna, when dharma, virtue and justice, are in decline; and adharma, evil and injustice are rampant – then I am incarnate.”

4:8

paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṁ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām,dharma-saṁsthāpanārthāya
saṁbhavāmi yuge yuge yuge

“To protect the wise; destroy those who do vanity; and, reaffirming dharma, virtue – I come incarnate from time to time.”

4:9

janma karma ca me divyam evaṁ yo vetti tattvataḥ,tyaktvā
dehaṁ punar janma naiti mām eti so’rjuna

“Arjuna, my birth and all my activities It is divine, noble. He who realizes this fact is not born again. After leaving his body. He comes to Me, one with Me.”

4:10

vīta-rāga-bhaya-krodhā man-mayā mām upāśritāḥ,bahavo
jñāna-tapasā pūtā mad-bhāvam āgatāḥ

“By completely freeing yourself from attachment, fear and anger; focusing his entire consciousness on Me, fully ensconced in Me; and purify yourself with tapa or spiritual practice to know the Self-Essence; Many have reached My consciousness and my relationship with Me.”

Chapter 4: verse: 11 – 15

4:11

ye yathā māṁ prapadyante tāṁs tathaiva bhajāmy aham,mama
vartmānuvartante manuṣyāḥ pārtha sarvaśaḥ

“Arjuna, in any way someone approaching Me, I accept it; For, indeed, every way, every way what man takes is my way, is the path that leads to Me.”

4:12

kāṅkṣantaḥ karmaṇāṁ siddhiṁ yajanta iha devatāḥ,kṣipraṁ
hi mānuṣe loke siddhir bhavati karma-jā

“The creatures of the world, who want the quick result of their deeds, generally worshiping the gods – the powers nature; in that way, they immediately get what they want.”

4:13

cātur-varṇyaṁ mayā sṛṣṭaṁ guṇa-karma-vibhāgaśaḥ,tasya
kartāram api māṁ viddhy akartāram avyayam

“The division of the order of society in four parts (scholars, knights, employers, and workers) by nature  and role each of them is by My will.Nevertheless I Undivided, I Remain Eternal, nor am I involved in any action.”

4:14

na māṁ karmāṇi limpanti na me karma-phale spṛhāiti
māṁ yo’bhijānāti karmabhir na sa badhyate

Karma or any action does not affect Me, bind Me, Because I am not bound to the results of karma. A person who understands My essence is also liberated from all attachment to karma and its results.”

4:15

evaṁ jñātvā kṛtaṁ karma pūrvair api mumukṣubhiḥkuru
karmaiva tasmāt tvaṁ pūrvaiḥ pūrvataraṁ kṛtam

“Nevertheless, after knowing the essence The soul, which is not really involved in a work; the wise Since long ago, keep working solely to achieve true freedom or mokṣa. Therefore, you should also imitate them and work. as they work.”

Chapter 4: verse: 16 – 20

4:16

kiṁ karma kim akarmeti kavayo’py atra mohitāḥtat
te karma pravakṣyāmi yaj jñātvā mokṣyase’śubhāt

“What is the nature of karma or action, and what is the nature of root or not doing.It has been confusing Many people, even if they are knowledgeable.Therefore, I will explain To you about the nature of karma. This essential knowledge can free you from everything. the unkind, not noble, consequences of your deeds.”

4:17

karmaṇo hy api boddhavyaṁ boddhavyaṁ ca vikarmaṇaḥakarmaṇaś
ca boddhavyaṁ gahanā karmaṇo gatiḥ

“One should know the truth. about karma, deeds; about the root, not doing, and, about vicarma, the evil deeds that hurt, and must be avoided. It is indeed very difficult to understand the performance of karma, the secret of karma.”

4:18

karmaṇy akarma yaḥ paśyed akarmaṇi ca karma yaḥsa
buddhimān manuṣyeṣu sa yuktaḥ kṛtsna-karma-kṛt

“He who sees the root in karma, does not act when doing; and the character in the root, doing when not doing – is a wise man, a Yogī, who has attained perfection in Yoga.He has karma, worked perfectly.”

4:19

yasya sarve samārambhāḥ kāma-saṅkalpa-varjitāḥjñānāgni-dagdha-karmāṇaṁ
tam āhuḥ paṇḍitaṁ budhāḥ

“Someone who works without desire. The earthly world and the hope of reward, has sanctified all karma, all its deeds, by the fire of true wisdom.The paṇḍit, those who are knowledgeable call him a wise man.”

4:20

tyaktvā karma-phalāsaṅgaṁ nitya-tṛpto nirāśrayaḥkarmaṇy
abhipravṛtto’pi naiva kiñcit karoti saḥ

“A person who is not bound by results His actions, there is no need to rely on the world of things.It’s always in a state of inner satisfaction. Although he still works, he really does not. do nothing.”

Chapter 4: sloka: 21 – 25

4:21

nirāśīr yata-cittātmā tyakta-sarva-parigrahaḥśārīraṁ
kevalaṁ karma kurvan nāpnoti kilbiṣam

“A man who has mastered himself, his mind; and, no longer have a sense of belonging to things the worldly, even if you do something purely physical, still free from the consequences of all his actions.”

4:22

yadṛcchā-lābha-santuṣṭo dvandvātīto vimatsaraḥsamaḥ
siddhāv asiddhau ca kṛtvāpi na nibadhyate

“He who is satisfied with what he has gained; free from all opposition, created by duality; free from envy; and, balanced in both success and failure – in fact he has been free from all attachments even though he continues to work.”

4:23

gata-saṅgasya muktasya jñānāvasthita-cetasaḥyajñāyācarataḥ
karma samagraṁ pravilīyate

“He who is free from attachment, ego and sense of belonging (mine’, my family’, and so on); his consciousness centered on the True Knowledge of the Nature of the Self as the Soul; and work in the spirit of offering – indeed it has been liberated from all the consequences of his actions.”

4:24

brahmārpaṇaṁ brahma havir brahmāgnau brahmaṇā hutambrahmaiva
tena gantavyaṁ brahma-karma-samādhinā

“The offering is Brahman – Gusti Prince, the Great Soul, Lord Hyang Maha Esa; the act of offering him; And he is also the one who offer to the Cleansing Fire of Hyang, which is Him too. Such a man who sees Him in every deed, undoubtedly reaches Him.”

4:25

daivam evāpare yajñaṁ yoginaḥ paryupāsatebrahmāgnāv
apare yajñaṁ yajñenaivopajuhvati

“Some of Yogī make offerings to the gods, or the forces of nature. Some describe their ‘self’ as sacrifice to Brahman.”

Chapter 4: verse: 26 – 30

4:26

śrotrādīnīndriyāṇy anye saṁyamāgniṣu juhvatiśabdādīn
viṣayān anya indriyāgniṣu juhvati

“Some offer the sense of hearing and so into the Holy Fire of Self-Control; Some offer sound and other triggers into the burning Fire of Indra.”

4:27

sarvāṇīndriya-karmāṇi prāṇa-karmāṇi cāpareātma-saṁyama-yogāgnau
juhvati jñāna-dīpite

“Some offer the whole sensory activity; and even the whole act of Prāṇa, or his life into the fire of Self-Control Yoga, ignited by Knowledge True.”

4:28

dravya-yajñās tapo-yajñā yoga-yajñās tathāpare
svādhyāya-jñāna-yajñāś ca yatayaḥ saṁśita-vratāḥ

“Some people worship in a way. presenting his treasures;some by greeting; some by doing Yoga; partly by following various spiritual practices tight; and some by offering the knowledge they gained through the deepening of the scriptures on the Holy Fire of True Wisdom.”

4:29

apāne juhvati prāṇaṁ prāṇe’pānaṁ tathāpareprāṇāpāna-gatī
ruddhvā prāṇāyāma-parāyaṇāḥ

“There are also those who present the show with how to setprāṇa or energy life through breath – the breath that comes in and the breath that comes out.With That way, they organize their lives (and make it worth it). presented).”

Chapter 4: verse: 30 – 35

4:30

apare niyatāhārāḥ prāṇān prāṇeṣu juhvatisarve’py
ete yajña-vido yajña-kṣapita-kalmaṣāḥ

“There are also those who control their food, and presentingprāṇa – their lives – to preserve life, support public life. Really they are all who is worshiping, offering offerings in various ways, understand the meaning of sacrifice, and therefore be liberated from all sins.”

4:31

yajña-śiṣṭāmṛta-bhujo yānti brahma sanātanamnāyaṁ
loko’sty ayajñasya kuto’nyaḥ kuru-sattama

“O Arjuna, he who enjoys whatever left over from his offering, in fact enjoyed Amṛta – a lasting life, and attained Brahman Hyang Eternal Immortal. On the contrary for those who do not make offerings, there is no (enjoyment) of anything in this world, especially in other realms (after completing a lifetime in the realm of this thing).”

4:32

evaṁ bahu-vidhā yajñā vitatā brahmaṇo mukhekarma-jān viddhi tān sarvān evaṁ jñātvā vimokṣyase

“Thus, there are many ways of development that Explained by Brahmā, the Creator (via Vedic). Know when all of which concerns real deeds (with the spirit of sacrifice). With understanding and fantasizing of this, you will surely be liberated (from all sorrow and errors.””

4:33

śreyān dravya-mayād yajñāj jñāna-yajñaḥ parantapasarvaṁ
karmākhilaṁ pārtha jñāne parisamāpyate

“O Arjuna, indeed, the offering is in the form of True Knowledge – rewarded by sharing True Knowledge is more noble than the offering of possessions, matter. The end of everything Action is True Knowledge.”

4:34

tad viddhi praṇipātena paripraśnena sevayāupadekṣyanti
te jñānaṁ jñāninas tattva-darśinaḥ

“Know this by going to those who knowing the truth; ask with sincerity; serve they are with great sincerity; and they will teach, reveal the truth is to you.”

4:35

yaj jñātvā na punar moham evaṁ yāsyasi pāṇḍavayena
bhūtāny aśeṣeṇa drakṣyasy ātmany atho mayi

“O Arjuna, after reaching True and enlightened Knowledge, you will never be confused anymore.You will feeling unity, unity with all beings, and furthermore See all in me.”

Chapter 4: verse: 36 – 40

4:36

api ced asi pāpebhyaḥ sarvebhyaḥ pāpa-kṛt-tamaḥsarvaṁ
jñāna-plavenaiva vṛjinaṁ santariṣyasi

“Even if you are the most sinful, the most khilaf among all sinners and khilaf; You can go beyond (ocean) all sins by using the boat of Knowledge True.”

4:37

yathaidhāṁsi samiddho’gnir bhasma-sāt kurute’rjunajñānāgniḥ
sarva-karmāṇi bhasma-sāt kurute tathā

“As the burning fire burned down the wood. to ashes; even so Arjuna, the fire of True Knowledge, burned away (as a result of from) all karma, all deeds.”

4:38

na hi jñānena sadṛśaṁ pavitram iha vidyatetat
svayaṁ yoga-saṁsiddhaḥ kālenātmani vindati

“In the realm of things, in this world, there is no sanctification. another that can match (fire) True Knowledge. Someone who achieving perfection in (Karma) Yoga, finding The source of true knowledge is within itself.”

4:39

śraddhāvāṁl labhate jñānaṁ tat-paraḥ saṁyatendriyaḥjñānaṁ
labdhvā parāṁ śāntim acireṇādhigacchati

“He who is firm in his beliefs, achieves True Knowledge; with True Knowledge, he controls his senses. And with True Knowledge he also attained eternal peace.”

4:40

ajñaś cāśraddadhānaś ca saṁśayātmā vinaśyatināyaṁ
loko’sti na paro na sukhaṁ saṁśayātmanaḥ

“(On the contrary) those who are stupid, do not knowledgeable; neither does he believe; and always doubt – will perish.For him there is no happiness in this world, nor in nature. After death.

Chapter 4: sloka: 41 – 42

4:41

yoga-saṁnyasta-karmāṇaṁ jñāna-sañchinna-saṁśayam
ātmavantaṁ na karmāṇi nibadhnanti dhanañjaya

“O Arjuna, (know) no karma, no deed that can shackle a man who always working in yoga, selflessly, and with a spirit of service; resolved already by True Knowledge; and he is under control.”

4:42

tasmād ajñāna-sambhūtaṁ hṛt-sthaṁ jñānāsinātmanaḥchittvainaṁ
saṁśayaṁ yogam ātiṣṭhottiṣṭha bhārata

“Therefore, O Arjuna. Use the sword. True Knowledge to eliminate the doubts that come from within you by yourself, from ignorance of your nature. Rise up in Yoga, O Arjuna!”

Thus ended the Fourth Conversation.

Source; https://bhagavadgita.or.id/