God in Hinduism
God in Hinduism – Who is God in Hinduism? The Vedas conceptualize Brahman as the Cosmic Principle. In the Upanishads, it has been widely described as Sat-cit-ānanda (truth-consciousness-happiness) and as the unchanging, permanent, and omnipotent supreme reality.
Brahman connotes the highest Universal Principle, the Ultimate Reality in the universe. In the main schools of Hindu philosophy, Brahman is the material, efficient, formal and ultimate cause of all that exists. It is the pervasive truth and happiness, sexless, limitless, eternal which does not change, but is the cause of all change, as the metaphysical concept is the single binding unity behind the diversity in all that exists in the universe.
Is Brahman God in Hinduism?
Brahman is the highest universal reality in the universe “Brahman is a Sanskrit word in the Vedic scriptures, and is conceptualized in Hinduism” says Paul Deussen, as “a creative principle that exists throughout the world”. Brahman is a key concept found in the Vedas, and it is discussed extensively in the early Upanishads.
Brahman is widely discussed in various Vedic texts such as the Bhagavad Gita and other Vedic books with the concept of Atman or Jiwatman (Great Soul), the personalization of God Almighty, impersonal or the Brahmans.
Brahman is called Sat-cit-ananda
Satchitananda or Sacchidānanda representing “existence, awareness, and happiness” or “truth, consciousness, bliss”, is a nickname and description for the subjective experience of ultimate reality, the unchanging reality.
- sat (सत्): In Sanskrit sat means “to exist”, “living, eternal”, “real, actual”, “good, true”, “beautiful, wise, honorable, honest”, or “what really exists , existence, essence, true being.
- cit (चित्): means “to perceive, to focus on”, “to understand, to know”, “to form ideas in the mind, to be aware, to think, to contemplate”. Loctefeld and other scholars translate it as “consciousness”.
- ānanda (आनन्द): means “happiness, joy, enjoyment, sensual pleasure”, “pure bliss, one of the three attributes of Atman or Brahman in Vedanta philosophy”. Loctefeld and other scholars translate ananda as “happiness”.
So Satchitananda is translated as “Bliss of Real Consciousness”, “Bliss of Reality Consciousness”, or “Bliss of Courage Existence Awareness” and it can be perceived as the Infinite, Eternal and Supreme. Then what do you think?
Early concept of divinity
History records that after the Vedic era the thoughts of the ancient sages (Rshi / Begawan) about the beginning of creation began to surface, where many questions arose, “Who has such great power to create nature and everything in it?”
Because there can be no creation without a creator!! Finally, Vedaism then turned into Brahmanism, which is a religious system that focuses on the basic Truth, Prima Kausa, all forms of phenomena or aspects of existence, both visible and not visible.
The Sages (Rshi) who developed Brahmanism started (teachings) with the visible world which operated according to certain rules. They called this rule rita (“order”) and concluded that before rita or order could arise, something had to arise and exist to create it; in short, there would be no creation without its creator.
At that time, there were many gods in Vedic pantheism who could or deserve to be candidates for Prima Kausa, but the studies of these scholars went beyond the anthropomorphic divinity and succeeded in discovering, as Koller put it, that “there is a whole, an indivisible reality.” , which are even more basic than mere mortal or immortal entities.” This entity was then conceived as an individual but with a very powerful and powerful figure beyond human understanding.
The figure which they later called as Brahman, is not only in the reality of the mortal realm (such as other beings) or the reality of the afterlife (such as supernatural beings or even pre-existence), but is actually a form of reality itself. Brahman not only causes reality to be as it is now; he is also the embodiment of the present reality, from the past and the past.
The concept of Brahman is a concept which places “Brahman” as the reality, the highest, most powerful, omnipotent, incomparable and incomparable entity and also places the gods and goddesses including the three main gods – Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva (God Trimurti) as manifestations that have their respective duties and functions. The gods and goddesses are connected in a single entity called Brahman.
Balinese Hindu God Concept
God in Hinduism in Bali – Hinduism in Bali or Indonesia mentions the name of God as “Ida Sanghyang Widi Wasa” or “Sanghyang Widi Wasa”. Until now it has not been found in Hindu literature or ancient manuscripts that mention the term Sanghyang Widi Wasa, but some literature mentions the term; Sanghyang Shiva, Sanghyang Iswara, Sanghyang Vishnu.
The word “Sanghyang” or “Sang-Hyang” is found in ancient texts such as Slokantara, and Wraspati Tattwa (Bali), Centini and Dandang Gula (Java); Sanghyang Siksa Karesian Cage and the Sanghyang Tapak Inscription dated 1030 AD.
When viewed from the words used, it seems that the mention of the name “Sanghyang Widi Wasa” is an adoption of the mention of the name Sanghyang as a form of God / God in belief in the pre-Hindu archipelago combined with the absorption of Sanskrit. “Veda” is the root of the word “Vid” (Widhi) which means eternal knowledge and “Wasa” which means strength, power, so it can be concluded “Sanghyang Widi Wasa” means “The Most Ultimate, Most Powerful or All-Powerful Form of Knowledge”
Legacy of belief in the Vedic tradition The Vedic scriptures in Sanskrit are interpreted as “sacred knowledge”, this book was written by the sages based on the revelations they directly heard from the Almighty called Veda Shruti (“what was heard”) and based on the stories of great heroes from the past. which is called the Veda Smrti (“what is remembered”).
We should be grateful and grateful to these Sages, for their thoughts and contributions to Vedic knowledge. In austerity and intense meditation the sage Rshis finally received divine revelations which are now written in the various Vedas which they later pass on to us.