Tri Hita Karana Concept
Tri Hita Karana is the 3 main concepts that cause natural harmony. The philosophy has a concept that can preserve the diversity of culture and the environment amid the impact of globalization and homogenization. Basically the nature of the teachings of tri hita karana emphasizes three human relationships in life in this world. The three relationships include relationships with fellow human beings, relationships with the environment, and relationships with God that are interrelated with each other.
Understanding Tri Hita Karana
Tri Hita Karana comes from the words “Tri” meaning three, “Hita” meaning happiness and “Karana” meaning cause. Thus Tri Hita Karana means “The three causes of happiness“.
Every relationship has a life guideline of respecting each other’s surroundings. The principle of its implementation must be balanced, in harmony with one another. When balance is achieved, man will live by avoiding all bad actions. His life will be balanced, serene, and peaceful.
The fundamental essence of Tri Hita Karana contains the understanding that the three causes of welfare are derived from the harmony of the relationship between Man and his God, Man with his environmental nature, and Man with his neighbor. By applying this philosophy, it is hoped that it can replace the modern view of life that prioritizes individualism and materialism. Cultivating Tri Hita Karana will be able to eliminate views that encourage consumerism, infighting and turmoil.
Three Causes of Happiness
Three concepts of Tri Hita Karana are known to be the Cause of Happiness including, Man with God, Man with His Environmental Nature, and Man with His Neighbor, here is the explanation:
The Relationship between Man and God
Man is a creation of God, while the Atman in man is a spark of the sacred ray of God’s greatness that causes man to live. In this sense, man owes his life to God. Therefore, every human being must be grateful, sincere and always bow down to God Almighty. Gratitude and prostration of bhakti can be expressed in the form of puja and praise for His greatness, namely:
- By worshiping and carrying out his orders.
- By carrying out Tirtha Yatra or Dharma Yatra, which is a visit to holy places.
- By practicing Yoga Samadhi.
- By studying, living and practicing religious teachings.
Human and Environmental Relations
Humans live in a certain environment. Humans obtain living necessities from their environment. Humans are thus very dependent on their environment. Therefore, humans must always pay attention to their situation and environmental conditions. The environment must always be maintained and maintained and not damaged. The environment should always be clean and tidy. The environment should not be littered or vandalized. Forests should not be cut down, animals should not be hunted arbitrarily, because it can disturb the balance of nature. The environment must be maintained neatness, harmony and sustainability. A neatly arranged and clean environment will create beauty. The beauty of the environment can cause a sense of calm and peace in humans.
Human and Neighborly Relationships
As social beings, humans cannot live alone. They need help and cooperation with others. Therefore the relationship between each other must always be good and harmonious. Human relations must be arranged on the basis of mutual nurturing, mutual love and nurturing, which means mutual respect, love and mutual affection. The relationship between families at home must be harmonious. Relations with other communities must also be harmonious. This good relationship will create security and peace born in the community. A safe and peaceful society will create a peaceful and prosperous state. (Hindu literature – wikipedia)